In this article, we shall be focusing on how to do coffee dosing. Dosage or dose refers to the amount of ground coffee being used in a coffee brewing system. With a large dose, you will be able to brew more coffee while a smaller does tend to yield less coffee. Generally, coffee dosing scales are essential when it comes to the quality of your coffee beverage.
First of all, the type of portafilter you use has a significant impact on coffee dosing. The most common portafilters are Single and double spouted. Inside the portafilter is a filter-basket which is held in place by a string.
Its depth and diameter often determine the amount of coffee in which your filter basket can hold. You always need to choose a filter basket size that will best suit your needs.
If you have the right filter basket, you should consider the dosing amount of the exact amount of coffee. For instance, with a 14-gram filter basket, you will need to dose 14 grams of ground coffee. On the other hand, a 22-gram basket should be dosed with 22 grams of ground coffee.
With that said, let us go through the dosing procedure of coffee.
What is dosing coffee?
In most cases, the importance of coffee dosing is often underestimated. Dosing coffee is a term that refers to the grinding quantity of coffee that is correct or required for a particular filter basket.
To put it into perspective, you can think of this process as taking a dose of medicine. When used in larger quantities, it is not good; on the other hand, when underused, it becomes less effective. Therefore, you need to use the right dosage of coffee.
However, when it comes to highly specified grinders or commercial situations, you will probably use a dosing grinder. The dosing grinder is an essential coffee dosing tool that helps in delivering the precise quantity of coffee.
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This dosing procedure of coffee is relatively easy; it works by letting the grinder keep your dosing chamber full; when pulled on to a lever, a portion of the coffee will be dosed into your porter filter; a portion for each basket and two for double.
It is highly essential when it comes to a high volume situation; prevents your coffee from sitting for an extended period to flatten.
Nonetheless, when it comes to low volume scenarios or home use, the manual dosing process is often preferred by most of the coffee enthusiasts.
This allows you to grind as much coffee as you need whenever necessary. With this process, you are assured that your coffee will be as fresh as you need it.
Irrespective of the method you use, the primary goal is to have an amount of coffee consistently delivered to your filter basket. When using the double size standard basket, you should consider using around 14 grams of coffee.
What is a single dosing?
Single dosing is a coffee dosing technique that is increasingly becoming popular among coffee enthusiasts. If you are new to the world of coffee and probably not familiar with single dosing, this is simply a technique involving leaving the hopper empty, then weigh out every dose of beans you require and then grind them into the portafilter
Most coffee enthusiasts have endorsed this technique for long. One of the biggest reasons for this is that the technique allows one to store coffee in an airtight container rather than a hopper.
The airtight container keeps it fresh for an extended period, which is a great benefit for home baristas who prefer using single shots per day.
In addition to that, in single dosing, you can use one set of single-dose grind for an array of coffees. This makes it relatively easy to switch up coffee as well as keeping this much interesting. When it comes to single dosing, you should note that not all grinders are ideal for this technique.
This means that grind retention is the major determinant of whether or not a given model is ideal for single dosing. Moreover, the rate at which the grinder grinds and dispenses coffee is of the essence as well.
How to measure the correct dosage of coffee?
As a coffee enthusiast, you might have been asking yourself; what is the right dosage of coffee? This is a vital question with only one answer; the right dosage of coffee will depend on your basket size, a structural flavor that will best suit you, and the solubility of your coffee.
When it comes to basket size, most manufacturers often use grams, for instance, 20g bask, which is approximately 20g of dose; it is equivalent to coffee dosing cup 58mm.
However, this does not necessarily mean that the basket size has to be aligned perfectly with the dosage of coffee. The main consideration is the amount of headspace will be above your coffee bed once you plug in the handle into the machine.
The main reason why understanding this is vital is that when the puck is hit with water while extracting your coffee, the puck will expand as gases are being released during the roasting process.
The more your coffee expands, the more space if created for agitation and movement. When there is too much room for expansion, it becomes way easier for water to break pucks resistance, causing channeling as well as inconsistency, particularly during the late stage of extraction.
Your flavor style, as well as the structure, is another concern when it comes to the correct dosage of coffee. Some coffee lovers prefer using less coffee in their basket since they love presenting the delicate as well as the elegant structure of their coffee and turn up the flavor profile with much transparency.
Using a high dosage of coffee leads to heavy and highly concentrated coffee; this can be a great beverage; however, there are numerous choices
you need to make it as a coffee lover between seeking transparency of flavor and texture or weight.
An array of coffee doses can be appropriate depending on the individual desire beverage style and roast. Generally, roasting coffee for a short period will break down your coffee less; this makes it relatively challenging for water to extract and find pores of your coffee surface.
As a result, for one to extract flavor from a coffee with this roast profile, you will need to use dosing as a means of boosting extraction.
Reducing coffee dosing scales and relatively less coffee to dissolve will greatly impact the amount of flavor you extract from your coffee. With this method, you will use less roasted coffee, and you will extract silky coffee with transparent and unique traits.
Using this roast profile in a high dose, you might not extract much from your coffee, leading to a miss on sweetness and flavor profile. You should note that this process does not work for every roast profile.
You might be wondering how to measure the correct dose of coffee. Well, the first thing you need to look at is the recipe card or ask baristas what doses they use while purchasing your coffee.
In most cases, there is the recommended range that you should work within, for instance, milk-based coffee should be 20 to 21.g or coffee dosing cup 58mm.
On the other hand, espresso should be 18 to 20g dose or coffee dosing cup 54mm. From here, you should start with a 50% brew ratio in approximately 20 to 25 seconds and then extend your beverage weight if you feel the acid quality is low.
Once you find the right ratio of your coffee, you can then decide on concentration and body; here is where dosing then comes into play. By making a great change, you will come to understand what coffee dosage is contributing to your equation; however, as you change your dose, ensure you keep the ratio constant between the beverage and dosage weight. For instance, 20g in 40g out will become 21g in 24g out.
When you make a 1 gram increment in your dose, it will have a significant increase in weight as well as the texture of your coffee. Making a significant change here, you will clearly understand whether or not this is the right direction.
Whenever you have too much coffee in your basket, the flavor becomes way too heavy, and its sweetness will significantly drop due to the amount of coffee present that is too much for water to get and extract efficiently.
On the other hand, when the amount of coffee is insufficient in your basket, then the 1 gram increase in dose will improve your coffee’s taste making it more textural, smooth, and rounded. This boosts its flavor profile significantly.
The coffee dose will help in filling the gap between sweetness, acidity as well as acidity in your coffee dosing cup. By tasting coffee of various doses side by side will help you make the final decision on what direction that is best for you. Right dosing of coffee should always be forgiving and features an array of windows in which it tastes acceptable.
You will experience a drastic change in the quality of your beverage by increasing 1 gram of coffee dose. When you find the change to be better than the previous, you can always keep working towards that direction.
It would be best if you then considered using a smaller increment of 0.5 grams change at a time; continue until you find the perfect dosage of coffee. Always remember that this dose range is used in finding ballpark, other variables such as time and beverage weight can be fine-tuned while ending.
Always note that no one coffee dose is ideal for a single coffee; your approach should change since coffee ages and tend to change.
How to perform manual coffee dose?
It would be best if you started by first filling the filter basket with your ground coffee; ensure that it is heaped. Hold your port filter with one hand, take your index finger on your spare hand, and then create a hook shape.
With your hooked finger, you should commence from the edge far from you and then start sweeping it back to your heaped coffee. It would be best if you stopped once you are halfway across the coffee heap.
Once that is done, take the hooked finger and then start sweeping away from you; do it from your basket’s back. By now, you will have disturbed the coffee grounds, and they will be spread evenly across your basket. They will be mounded into the shape of the hooked finder.
When you follow these steps to the letter, you will have successfully dosed as well as distributed the coffee. By now, your coffee will be ready for tamping and brewing.
Coffee dosing tools
When it comes to coffee dosing, you will require tools to improve your overall experience and measure the right amount of coffee dose for your beverage. Some tools are indispensable, for instance, coffee grinder and tamper, while others such as thermometer and scale are optional. Some of the vital coffee dosing tools you need include;
Coffee dosing ring
This is highly essential when it comes to reducing waste and assisting inconsistent dosing. Always look for a coffee dosing ring that will perfectly fit your portafilter basket. In addition to that, an easy to clean and relatively easy to install ring will always come in handy. A coffee dosing ring 54mm is designed to perfectly fit a 54mm portafilter
Coffee dosing funnel
Unlike coffee dosing rings, coffee dosing funnel aids in directing your grinds into the portafilter basket to prevent any mess from occurring. They are highly essential when it comes to distributing and leveling your coffee grounds. Furthermore, they feature different sizes, for instance, a coffee dosing funnel 54mm.
Coffee dosing cup
A coffee powder dosing cup allows for a tidy and efficient transfer of your ground coffee between the grinder and the portafilter. A coffee dosing cup 54mm is designed to be compatible with a 54 mm portafilter, and they help in achieving precise doses with minimal waste possible.
As a coffee enthusiast, you probably understand how vital the coffee dosing process is when it comes to enhancing your beverage's taste and texture. We hope that you have found this article helpful, and as we conclude, we hope that we have offered you a great understanding of the coffee dose definition.